|Shaolin Kungfu is a kind of martial arts practiced by monks under the special Buddhist culture of the Songshan Shaolin Temple in Dengfeng City, Henan Province. Taking martial art skills and actions as the performance form and Buddhism belief and Zen wisdom as the cultural meaning, the Shaolin Kungfu has a complete technical and theoretical system.|
|The Shaolin Temple, built in the Nineteenth year of Taihe Period during the Northern Wei Dynasty (495), is a cultural space for the development of the Shaolin Kungfu. The Shaolin Kungfu, which is originally practiced by the Buddhist monks whose duties were to protect the temple, has been gradually developed into an art of perfect technology, abundant meanings and high reputation in the whole world after more than 1500 years of development. According to martial art books registered by the Shaolin Temple, there are several hundred sorts of routines of Shaolin Kungfu practiced by monks of generations, among which, several dozen are the representative of boxing routines that have been handed down. In addition, there are 72 stunts and Kungfu of special sorts like capture, wrestle, discharging bone, point percussion and Qigong. Altogether 255 routines of boxing art, weapon and mutual practice are still practiced today.|
|The Zen wisdom of Buddhism has endowed the Shaolin Kungfu with profound cultural connotations. The Buddhist commandment has evolved into the commandment of Kungfu practicing, displayed by the Kungfu morals of the practicers. This evolvement has endowed the Shaolin Kungfu with such characteristics as abstention, modesty and reservation, as well as taking regard to the inner strength, terseness and to winning by striking only after the enemy has struck.|
|The Shaolin Kungfu is an outstanding representative of the Chinese Wushu culture, and is the most representative performance form of the Shaolin culture.|
Shaolin Kung-fu consists of 72 techniques including 36 external and 36 internal exercises. Each of the exercise has a very close lie with Qigong (breathing exercise), such as Tiebi Gong (the iron arm exercise), Diao Gong (the exercise of hanging from a tree with a rope around the neck), Tiebushan (the belly exercise), Yizhijin (the exercise of standing on the ground with one finger), Huo Gong (the exercise of licking a burning hot iron shovel), Tietou Gong (the iron head — the exercise of head training), Badding Gong (the exercise of pulling out nails from a wood plate), Yudai Gong (the arm exercise), Tizhuang Gong (the exercise of kicking a stake with one foot), Hama Gong (a toad-like exercise), Qianjin Zhui (the exercise of hafting a big stone attached to the testes with a rope), Yingzhao Gong (the exercise of fingers). Da Muren (the exercise of hitting a wood figure), Qingshen Shu (the light exercise) and Tong/i Gong (the exercise for boys). The Shaolin Kung-fu players should have the training of both light and hard exercises besides the training of managing various Shaolin weapons. The masters of martial arts circles often said that "it will be in vain if one practice the boxing only;" and "one will have nothing to pass on to his descendants if he practices kung-fu only." This indicates that the relations among kung-fu, boxing, and weapons are like the relations between eyes and ears. Once mastering the Shaolin Kung-fu, one could not only defeat the enemies without any losses, but also keep fit and live a longer life.